A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzabar


A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzibar... Now what is between? For the world wide classical era philatelist and stamp collector, a country specific philatelic survey is offered by the blog author, Jim Jackson, with two albums: Big Blue, aka Scott International Part 1 (checklists available), and Deep Blue, aka William Steiner's Stamp Album Web PDF pages. Interested? So into the Blues...

Friday, August 31, 2012

Hamburg

1866 Scott 24 1 1/4S violet Rouletted 10
"Value Numeral on Arms"
Quick History
The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg joined the German-Austrian Postal Union in 1852, and had their own stamp issues from 1859-1867. Then the Free City joined the North German Confederation, and stamp production ceased.

The city had a population of 450,000 in 1880.

Location of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
On the River Elbe, Hamburg is the most important German Port City
Of interest, there were many "post offices" in the city during the 19th century. The Turn und Taxis Post delivered mail to France, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The Prussian Central Post Office delivered the post to Poland, Russia, and Turkey via Austria. The Danish Post and the Swedish-Norwegian Post naturally delivered mail to those areas. The mail to England or overseas was handled by the Hamburg City post.

The City of Hamburg in 1811
Into the Deep Blue
The 2011 Scott Classic specialized catalogue , from 1859-1867, has 22 major number descriptions for the stamps of Hamburg. BTW, the coverage for Hamburg is found under the German States category.

Of those, four have a CV of $5+-$10, Five are valued between $10+-$30, and nine more are between $30+-$85. A small representative selection could be acquired by the frugal classic era collector.

A fly in the ointment are the reprints, which will need to be distinguished from the originals.

A closer look at the stamps and issues

1865-65 Scott 13 1/2S black
The first issues in 1859 were imperforate, but had a design similar to the one shown here. They were watermarked with a wavy line (wmk 128), as were all the stamps through 1865.

The 1859 issue (seven stamps) and the 1864 issue (two stamps), all have a rather high catalogue value ($70+-$170+), and I don't have any. ;-)

The Perforated 13 1/2 ten stamp issue of 1864-65 has seven stamps with CV $5+-$30.

The design shows the "Arms" of Hamburg.

Coat of Arms of Hamburg
Of interest, the city takes its name from a castle built by the Emperor Charlemagne in 808, called Hammaburg.


1864-65 Scott 23 2 1/2s yellow green, blurred printing
Almost certainly a reprint
Shown here is the 2 1/2s yellow green, where even the original can be found with a blurred printing, noted especially in the corners. But this example is most certainly a reprint, as it is unwatermarked, and has a perforation of 12 X 11/2.

1866 Scott 24 1 1/4S violet Rouletted 10
In 1866, a two stamp issue was produced, as shown, rouletted 10, and unwatermarked. CV $5+-$30+. These stamps were also reprinted. Scott gives an extensive written description of the differences, and the Serrane Guide has illustrations. (More about that later.)

How to tell the difference?
• The original printing for the 1 1/4 has the rosettes between the words of the inscription with an open circle in the center.

• The upper left corner triangle has the two lower lines of unequal thickness.


"1866 Scott 24 1 1/4S violet Rouletted 10"
A reprint
I have another example of the 1 1/4, and it is definitely a reprint.

• The rosettes have an infilled circle in the center.

• The upper left corner triangle has the two lower lines of more equal thickness.


"1866 Scott 25 1 1/2s rose Rouletted 10"
A reprint
The 1 1/2 rose also has differences between the original and the reprint.

• The original is printed on thinner paper, and the design will show through from the back. Interestingly, that characteristic is found with my example.

• The stroke through the upper part of the "g" is very short in the originals, while with the reprint, it almost reaches the center of the "g". My example here shows a long stroke.

• In the original, the lower part of the "g" barely touches the inner thin frame line, while with the reprint, the "g" clearly is attached to the inner frame line. The latter is true here.

Verdict: A reprint.  :-(

But I have one more 1 1/2s to show....


1 1/2 s :What is it?
Include in my collection was this sample. It clearly is not rouletted, and appears "Imperforate" with wide margins. What? It finally dawned on me that this is a cut square from an envelope. ;-) "Covert" is a clue, as it is french for "cover".

The problem is Scott makes no mention of Hamburg's postal stationary.

Well, this short review of Hamburg's stamp issues was nice, but what is with all the reprints?

And a  HUGE problem for classical era collectors is the classical era was also the golden age of outright forgeries.

Sure, if one is a specialist concentrating on one country, one can become reasonably competent in a short time in the reprint/forgeries thicket.

But what about us poor "mile wide, foot deep" WW collectors: are we going to let ourselves be "swindle bait"?  ;-)

That is where the "Serrane Guide" comes in.


The Serrane Guide
Fernand Serrane, a native Belgian, published his two volume book in French on forgeries in 1927 and 1929. Although the book concentrates on the earlier stamps of the classical world, it includes issues up to approximately 1924. 

Commissioned by the APS, Dr Corland Eyer translated the book into English during 1971-74, where it appeared as segments in the American Philatelist. It was then published as a book by the APS in 1998.

What it DOESN'T cover are all the forged overprints and surcharges on classic stamps.

But what I like particularly about the Serrane is it highlights the difference between a genuine and forged/reprinted stamp by specific illustrations. This is in contrast to "Album Weeds", a comprehensive book on forgeries published in 1907 (third edition) by Rev. Mr. Earée, which relies on long written descriptions of the differences. An "illustrative" picture is worth a thousand words. ;-)

So for collectors of classical era stamps, especially if one would really like a better idea of what one has in the collection, obtaining a copy of the Serrane Guide is recommended.

One caveat: The illustration panels use Yvert & Tellier circa 1925-26 catalogue numbers. Picking up an old Y&T catalogue would be a good idea.

Deep Blue
Deep Blue (Steiner) covers Hamburg on two pages, and is certainly satisfactory for Scott catalogue followers.


The '41/'47 Big Blue page for Hamburg
No coverage in the '69 and '47 editions
Big Blue
Unfortunately, the coverage for Hamburg (along with Hanover and Heligoland on the same page) was removed in the '69 Big Blue, and did not return for the '97 edition.

So Hamburg is a missing 'H" country. :-(

Big Blue '47, on one line of one page, has seven spaces for the years 1859-66. Coverage is 32%.

Observations....
• No stamps reach the $35 threshold, although five stamps are valued between $10-$30+.

• The '47 BB provides spaces for either the imperforate or perforate varieties of 1 or 13, 9 or 22, and 12 or 23: although in each case the perforated variety is the least expensive.

• Other Hamburg stamps that are fairly inexpensive that could be added to BB include 1864-65 Scott 2s red ($10+), and Scott 18 4s green ($5+).


Checklist ('41/'47 editions)

1859-64
1 or 13, 9 or 22, (14), (18),

1864
12 or 23

1866
24,25,

Comments
A) Most expensive stamps ($10) threshold:
1864-65 Scott 13 1/2S black ($10+)
1864-65 Scott 22 1 1/2s lilac ($10+)
1864-65 (Scott 14) 1s brown ($10+)
1864 Scott 23 2 1/2s yellow green ($20+)
1866 Scott 24 1 1/4s violet ($30+)

B) (  ) around a number indicates a blank space choice.


Hamburg and Deep Blue
Out of the Blue
I like early classical stamps. I feel uneasy, though, as a general WW collector, knowing I am only semi-competent in detecting the early forgeries or reprints. Ah, for the safe harbor of specialty collecting. ;-)

Note: Map, City of Hamburg pic appears to be in the public domain.

Would love to see your comments!


Saturday, August 25, 2012

Haiti

1890 Scott 25 2c on 3c blue handstamped in red
General Louis Etienne Félicité Salomon
Quick History
The Republic of Haiti shares the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is located on the western side of the island.

The capital is Port-au-Prince, and Haitian Creole and French are the official languages. The population was 3,000,000 in 1940.

1859 Dufour Map of Hispaniola
Haiti has been independent from France since 1804 after a slave revolt, and is the world's earliest republic lead by Blacks.

Haiti is also, with Canada, the only two independent nations in the Americas with French as an official language.

Haiti is the poorest country in the western Hemisphere, with most Haitians living on less than $2/day.

During its 200 year history, Haiti has had 32 coups. Haiti ranks first of all countries in perceived domestic corruption.

An effective Constitution introduced under Michel Domingue in 1874, lead to an improved government and the development of the sugar and rum industries. Michel Domingue's government  peacefully transferred power to Lysius Salomon, one of Haiti's better leaders. Stamps featuring the "Liberty Head" were issued in 1881, and stamps with Salomon's portrait appeared in 1887.

But between 1911-1915, there were six different Presidents, all who were either killed or forced into exile.

In 1915, the Dictator Vibrun Guillaume Sam massacred 167 political prisoners from elite families, and was subsequently beaten and killed by a mob in Port-au-Prince.

Responding to the instability, and to the complaints of American banks to which Haiti was deeply in debt, the U.S. occupied the country. The occupation lasted until 1934.

Reforms were carried out. The President Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave signed a treaty that essentially made Haiti a U.S. protectorate.

In 1922, Dartiguenave was replaced by Louis Borno. Infrastructure improvements were made, but many Haitians resented the loss of sovereignty.

In 1930, Sténio Vincent, a critic of the occupation, was elected President, and the withdrawal began.

We will meet these and others on the stamps of Haiti.

Map of Haiti
Into the Deep Blue
The 2011 Scott Classic Specialized catalogue has, from 1881-1940, 339 major stamp descriptions for the regular, semi-postal, air post, air post semi-postal, and postage due categories. Of those, 246 are <$1-$1+ (73%). Clearly, Haitian stamps are quite affordable for the WW classical collector.

Although affordable, Haiti does have its share of forgeries, so caution is advised.

The currency denominations are also a bit different than usual.

100 Centimes = 1 Piastre (1906)
100 Centimes = 1 Gourde

A closer look at the stamps and issues
1881 Scott 5 7c deep blue/grayish "Liberty Head"
Imperforate
The inaugural issue for Haiti was a six stamp imperforate set with "Liberty Head" as the design. This was the first and last design that imitated the "French" model, as the rest of the issues for the next 25 years either had "Coat of Arms" or Presidents as the image. CV ranges from $4-$30.

1883 Scott 7 1c deep vermilion/deep yellowish  perforated
1886-87 Scott 18 1c vermilion/yellowish with image alterations
Beginning in 1882, a seven stamp perforated set was issued of the "Liberty Heads". The left 1c is an example. CV is $1+-$4+.

Then in 1886-87, a three stamp issue was produced that had some subtle changes in the design. The blue arrow on the right 1c stamp points to the crossed lines of dots on the face. CV is $2-$7.

1887 Scott 24 5c green "Salomon"
A four stamp set (CV <$1) was issued in 1887 with the portrait of Lysius Salomon, president of Haiti from 1879-1888. He was responsible for developing Haiti's postal system and joining the International Postal Union.

1890 Scott 25 2c on 3c blue
The first handstamped surcharged stamp for Haiti is shown above, to be followed over the years by many others. Missing letters are often found with many of Haiti's surcharged issues.

1891 Scott 30 7c red "Coat of Arms"
The first "Coat of Arms" issue was produced in 1891. This five stamp set has a CV of <$1-$2+. Note the leaves are raised in this issue, which is a distinguishing feature for these stamps.

1892-95 Scott 33 2c deep blue "Coat of Arms"
(Leaves Dropping)
A six stamp set (CV <$1) was issued in 1892-95, this time with the "leaves dropping". The stamps were produced with a combination of engraving and lithography. Perforations are 14. I must say the 'Coat of Arms" image is most interesting (and curious) indeed.  ;-)

1896 Scott 41 5c slate green
Engraved, Perforation 13 1/2
Another "Coat of Arms" set was produced in 1896 with six stamps (CV <$1-$1+). This set can readily be distinguished from the previous set by different color, perforation, printing differences, slightly different size, and the "c" of cent. Consult Scott for specifics.

1898 Scott 47 2c brown carmine "Coat of Arms"
The 1898 six stamp set had a watermark ( a reversed "R H"), and has a CV higher than the immediate preceding issues ( CV <$1-$10).

Perhaps a closer examination of the Coat of Arms is in order, especially the cap hanging on top of the palm tree? ;-)
The Arms from 1859-1964
The Phrygian cap above the palm tree is placed there as a symbol of freedom. There are three flags of the country draped on each side, and two cannons on a green lawn. On the lawn are items such as a drum, cannon balls, and an anchor. The motto on the ribbon (in English) says "Unity is Strength".

1898-99 Scott 58 5c red brown
"President T. Augustin Simon Sam"
In 1898-99, a 15 stamp set was produced with two designs. CV for the stamps are  <$1, save one.
The "President Sam" design is found on eight stamps. He was president from 1896-1902. His cousin, Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, also became president of Haiti.

This might be a good time to tell the story of Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, who was president from March to July 1915, but does not appear on any Haitian stamps.

Sam lead the revolt that toppled President Oreste Zamor (Found on a 1914 stamp issue). Sam was eventually declared President, the fifth in five years. But Sam had his own revolt to contend with by forces opposing the strategic and commercial ties to the United States. The subsequent repressive measures by Sam included ordering the execution of 167 political prisoners, most well educated, and including former President Zamor.

This infuriated the population, and a mob broke into the French embassy where he had received asylum. They beat him, threw his body over the iron fence, where the crowd ripped up the body and paraded the cadaver pieces throughout the capital. The country was in chaos.

President Woodrow Wilson ordered American troops to seize the capital. The country was then occupied for nineteen years, until August, 1934.

1899 Scott 59 5c pale blue "Coat of Arms"
The other design found on the 1898-99 issue, the "Coat of Arms", is shown above. This design is found on seven stamps. Notice the neat 'Port-au-Prince" cancellation? I suspect these are CTO's, as they are found on many of the Haitian stamps in my collection.

1902 Scott 67 1c ultramarine  overprinted
Handstamped in Black
The 1898-99 issue was subsequently handstamped for a fifteen stamp set (CV <$1 for 10 stamps) in 1902. The handstamp has May, 1902 as the date. Scott notes that forgeries exist for this overprint. Look at the "neatly" placed cancel - a "probable" CTO.

1903 Scott 83 2c rose & black
"Pierre D. Toussaint L'Ouverture"
The "Centenary of Independence Issue" of 1903 consists of seven stamps (CV <$1). Besides the Coat of Arms design, they have a portrait of three revolutionary heroes. Pictured here is Toussaint L'Ouverture, the leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military victories lead to the independent black state of Haiti, consisting of former slaves who were now a self-governing people. But Napoleon Bonaparte sent forces in 1802, and exiled him to France, where he died in 1803.

Let's say something about the stamps themselves. Unfortunately, most of the stamps in collections are forgeries. Stamps with perforation 13 1/2 are forgeries, which are most of the stamps in my collection.

Perforation 14 and 13 1/4 are found on "real" stamps. The stamp above is perforation 14, so may be "real", but I would need to investigate further for that determination.

" 1903 Scott 84 5c dull blue & black"
Here is no doubt a forgery. The perforation is 13 1/2 (forgery). The vignette portrait is crude (Compare to the stamp before this one).

"1903 Scott 85 7c plum & black"
"Emperor Jean Jacques Dessalines"
Jean-Jacques Dessalines was one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, and the first ruler of Haiti. He is considered the founding father. He named himself Emperor Jacques I of Haiti, and ruled from 1804-06, until he was assassinated. The national anthem of Haiti, La Dessalinienne, is named in his honor.

The stamp itself: fake,fake, fake! ;-)

The Perforations are 13 1/2 (forgery). The vignette portrait is crude.

"1903 Scott 88 50c olive & black"
"President Alexandre Sabes Pétion"
Alexandre Pétion, one of the founding fathers, was president of Haiti from 1806-1818. He appears on both the 20c and 50c denomination stamps.

The stamp itself: a forgery. The perforation is 13 1/2 (forgery), and the vignette portrait appears crude.

1904 Scott 94 20c slate & black
Handstamped in blue
In 1904, the 1903 issue was handstamped as shown above. This seven stamp set has an individual CV of <$1.

1904 Scott 98 5c dark blue
"President Pierre Nord Alexis"
In 1904, a six stamps issue (CV <$1) was produced with the vignette portrait of President Pierre Nord Alexis. He was president of Haiti from 1902 to 1908. He became president by leading troops loyal to him into the country's Chamber of Deputies, and "inviting" the legislators to declare him president. He managed to hold on to the presidency for 6 years. His regime was rife with corruption. But in 1908, already in his eighties, he declared himself "President for Life". That was too much for the opposition, and he was exiled. He later relocated to New Orleans, and he died and was buried there in 1910.

The stamps themselves? Rife with corruption. ;-) The originals are perforation 14 or 13 1/4. So other perforations, compound perforations, or perforation 13 1/2 are forgeries. The stamp above is perforation 14, so may be original.

But it is worse then that.  The "Focus on Forgeries" handbook by Varrio Tyler states that reprints of all values were prepared from original plates. Some of the reprints are difficult to distinguish from the originals.

Some of the reprints are in very bright colors on white paper, according to Scott.

Let's take a look....

"1904 Scott 97 2c carmine"
Perforation 13 1/2, & compound: Both forgery reprints
The 2c carmine stamps in my collection are forgery reprints as noted above. But the right side stamp has a quite bright color, which, I believe, is the particular type of reprint that Scott mentions.

So reprints from original plates can be forgeries, but are there "actual" forgeries?

Well, yes. ;-)

Varrio Tyler mentions the 1 centime and 50 centime stamps exists as actual forgeries.

Looking at my collection......

Left: "1904 Scott 96 1c green" reprint from original plates
Right: outright forgery- note thinner "1" on left lower tablet
I have a reprint, that is probably from the original plate, as the perforations are not what one finds with the originals. That is illustrated on the left above. But the right stamp is an outright forgery, possibly from the Paris forger Louis Dumonteuil d'Olivera, according to Varrio Tyler.

The outright forgery has the left lower "1" thinner (blue arrow), measuring .6-.7 mm across, while the original plate "1" measures .8 across.

The original plate has "E-COTE" under the "1" in large type, touching the lines above and below it. The forgery "E COTE" is smaller, and without a hyphen (and in this case quite blurred).

There are also other differences, especially noted in the letters.

Yes, rife with corruption. ;-)

1904 Scott 105 10c orange brown
Handstamped in Blue
Also in 1904, the 1904 issue was handstamped as above (six stamps; CV <$1). Forgeries can be found. Since the perforation is 14 for this stamp, this example may very well be an original printing.

1906-13 Scott 131 5c de piastre dark blue
"President Nord Alexis"
Between 1906-13, twenty stamps were released in denominations for foreign postage (centimes de piastre). The 1906 release of 12 stamps had a modest CV of <$1-$4+, mostly at the low end. But the later 1911-13 issue 8 stamps have a CV of $4+-$20+.

1906-10 Scott 146 2c de gourde orange yellow
"Coat of Arms"
Also, 1906 saw the release of a 5 stamp set (CV <$1) for domestic postage valued in centimes de gourde. One should note that many of Haiti's stamps are produced by the American Bank Note Company of New York.

1907 Scott 152 2c on 10c orange brown
1904 "Nord Alexis" issue handstamped surcharged in red
In 1907, the 1904 "Nord Alexis" issue was handstamped surcharged in red, black, brown, or violet. The twelve stamps mostly are CV <$1, but the violet surcharged stamp (1c on 20c orange) has a CV of $150.

1910 Scott 162 2c de piastre rose red & black
"President Antoine T. Simon"
President Nord Alexis was exiled in 1908, so there was a need for a new presidential stamp. Antoine Simon lead the rebellion against Pierre Nord Alexis, and he subsequently became president from 1908-1911. He allowed exiled Haitians to return, and promoted road and railroad infrastructure building, and the electrification of Port-au-Prince. But Haitian companies were taxed to pay for the upgrades, which lead to unrest, and finally a coup d'état against Simon by General Cincinnatus Leconte.

In doing research background on the Haitian presidents, I came across this trivia that I'll pass on....

"President Simon's daughter Celestina was a voodoo priestess who famously married and divorced her sacred goat."

The 1910 "Simon" stamp issue consisted of three stamps for foreign postage, and one for domestic postage.  CV is <$1-$7+.

1912 Scott 166 1c de g carmine lake
"President Cincinnatus Leconte"
In turn, Cincinnatus Leconte became president after the coup in 1911 until August 8, 1912. He did manage to have a three stamp set (CV <$1) issued in 1912. He proceeded to pave streets, put up telephone lines, increase teacher pay, and run a cleaner tighter government. Curiously, he did pursue a discriminatory policy towards the "Syrian" population (actually Lebanese Christians). On August 8, 1912, a huge explosion destroyed the National Palace, killing Leconte and several hundred soldiers....or not, depending on which account one reads. Tancrede Auguste became the next president.

1914 Scott 173 10c orange brown
Stamps of preceding issues handstamped vertically
In 1914, a whole group of stamps from preceding issues were handstamped with the February 7, 1914 date, and some were surcharged. Altogether, 38 stamps were handstamped with 27 stamps having a CV of <$1-$2+.

1914 Scott 199 1c de g carmine lake
An example of another 1914 handstamped stamp is shown above. Why all the handstamping, and what does it mean? "O.Z." are the initials of General Oreste Zamor, and the February 7, 1914 date is that of his triumphal entry into Port-au-Prince. You guessed it, another president. ;-)

Let's back up, as events are occurring rapidly.....
August 8, 1912: After the death of President Leconte, the Constituent Assembly appoints Tancrede Auguste president.
1913: President Auguste dies during a visit to northern Haiti. (Some sources believe he was a victim of poisoning.) Senator Michel Oreste is elected president by the Constituent Assembly.
1914: President Oreste is overthrown and succeeded by Oreste Zamor. President Zamor is overthrown and succeeded by Joseph Davilmar Théodore.
1915: President Théodore resigns and is succeeded by Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
July 28, 1915: 3000 U.S. marines enter Port-au-Prince, beginning a nineteen year U.S. occupation.
August 12, 1915: Senator Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave is elected by the Constituent Assembly to a seven year term as president.

1914 (Scott 226) 10c de p black brown & black"Oreste Zamor"
In 1914, a 10 stamp issue was produced, but a large quantity was stolen during transit. The stamps were never placed on sale at post offices according to Scott. Although the stamps are in the 1947 Scott catalogue (Scott 219,221,223,224,226,227,228,230,231,232), the numbers are gone in the 2011 Scott Classic, although Scott does illustrate the designs and puts a value of $8+ for the set.

The reality is this stamp issue is out there among philatelists, and is common. Both Deep Blue (Steiner) and Big Blue provides spaces for the set.

Oreste Zamor, the man who had the triumphal entry to Port-au-Prince on February 7, 1914, is portrayed on six denominations of the set. He only served until October, 1914, when he too was overthrown. The following year, he was assassinated on orders of President Vibrun Guillaume Sam.

Also portrayed on one stamp is Tancrede Auguste, the man who succeeded Cincinnatus Leconte as president.

1915-16 Scott 236 1c on 10c orange brown
Preceding issues handstamp surcharged in carmine or blue
Considering the turmoil occurring at the time (Presidents overthrown or assassinated, and the U.S occupation), it is not surprising to find many surcharged stamps.There were eight stamps (CV <$1-$2+ for seven of them) issued during 1915-16 with the handstamp surcharges as shown.

1915-16 Scott 240 1c on 20c orange
Above is an example of an overprinted stamp, then subsequently surcharged.

Between 1917-19, 59 stamps were handstamp surcharged in various colors. ! Of those, 45 are CV <$1. A treasure trove for both the specialist and the WW classical collector!

1917-19  Scott 245 2c on 1p claret
Handstamp surcharge in red
Above is an example of the many surcharged stamps issued during 1917-19.

1920 Scott 311 5c green "Allegory of Agriculture"
Finally, in 1920, a non surcharged set was issued. The five stamps in the set have a CV of <$1. Quite attractive.

1924 Scott 316 10c carmine "Christophe's Citadel"
A five stamp set was issued in 1924 with a CV of <$1. President Louis J. Borno is portrayed on two stamps. He served as President from 1922-1930 during the American occupation of Haiti.

"Christophe's Citadel", shown on the stamp above, is a large mountaintop fortress in northern Haiti. The stone fortress was built between 1805 and 1820 by 20,000 workers as protection against French hegemony by the now independent nation of Haiti.

1931 Scott 322 5c deep green "Salomon and Vincent"
Sténio Joseph Vincent was President of Haiti from 1930 to 1941. He had campaigned in opposition to the American occupation of Haiti. The US Marines left in 1934. By the mid decade, though, he was considered to be one of the strongest pro-American supporters in the western hemisphere.

1933-40 Scott 327 5c green 
"Aqueduct at Port-au-Prince"
A nine stamp issue (CV <$1) was produced during 1933-40. These illustrate buildings and structures in Haiti. A rather attractive set.

1935 Scott 335 rose pink & chocolate
"Alexandre Dumas, His father and Son"
This two stamp set was issued to commemorate a visit of a delegation from France to Haiti. Alexandre Dumas was a French writer of historical novels of high adventure such as "The Three Musketeers". Dumas was the grandson of a French nobleman and a Haitian slave.

Of interest, this stamp was lithographed locally.

1939 Scott 337 25c on 35c deep green 
"Coffee Beans and Flowers": surcharged in red
The last regular stamp for Haiti in the Scott Classic is this surcharged "Coffee beans and Flowers" stamp. A beautiful stamp and a fitting end to the Haitian survey.

1933-40 Scott C9 1g ultramarine 
"Plane over Christophe's Citadel"
The 1933-40 Air Post set consists of six stamps with a CV of <$1-$2. Lovely scene. One of the WW subspecialties is collecting classic air post stamps: I'm tempted. ;-)


Deep Blue
Haiti in Deep Blue

The Deep Blue album (Steiner) has 25 pages for Haiti, and follows the Scott catalogue with spaces for all the major numbers. Of interest, Deep Blue does provide room for the 1914 10 stamp set that now has no "live" numbers in the current Scott catalogue. Since this set is common, and a part of Haitian history, I think that is a wise choice.


1914 (Scott 228) 20c de p yellow brown & black 
"Coat of Arms": Set no longer has Scott numbers
Big Blue
Big Blue '69, on seven pages, has 188 spaces for regular, semi-postal, air post semi-postal, air post, and postage due categories. Coverage is 55%.

Observations...

A) 1881-86 "Liberty Heads"
The 1881 (Imperf), 1882 (perf), and 1886-87 (perf) Liberty Heads are put through a convoluted choice maze by Big Blue. There are three spaces. The first space shows "A1" design, and therefore 1 (imperf) or 7 (perf) can go there. The 1886 Scott 18 is ruled out because it is an "A3" design. The second "descriptive" space; either 2 or 19, but not 8 (color change: not eligible). The third space is a "blank" space, and I chose 3 or 9. But Scott 20 is an '87 issue, and is ruled out because of date specifications (1881-86) in BB. Five stamps are left out of BB with a $2-$3+ valuation. C'est la vie.

B) BB includes almost a full selection of inexpensive stamps from 1887-1904. Very nice!

C) The 1906-07 six spaces often have 2-3 choices because of different colored surcharges.

Horizontal stamps will not fit the first 5 vertical spaces
D) The 1914 thirteen space "handstamp" blank space choices is a dilemma for BB collectors, especially the first five spaces. BB shows a "horizontal" oriented handstamp in the second space ( which will govern the first five spaces), but only gives a "vertical" space format! The horizontal stamps with a horizontal handstamp will not fit! I have substituted a "vertical" oriented handstamp stamps to fit the "vertical" spaces. The "vertical" choices are 199,200,201, 172, or 173; although 174 and 175 could be considered also. If you want to "squeeze" in horizontally oriented stamps to fit the "horizontal" handstamp cut, then try 177,178,179,180, & 181.

D) 1915-16
In 1914, a 10 stamp issue was produced, but a large quantity was stolen during transit. The stamps were never placed on sale at post offices according to Scott. The stamps are in the 1947 Scott catalogue (Scott 219,221,223,224,226,227,228,230,231,232), but the numbers are gone in the 2011 Scott Classic, although Scott does illustrate the designs and puts a value of $8+ for the set.

One can see the first part of the 1915-16 set (Actually 1914) in the pic above. For the checklist, I have inserted the decommissioned Scott numbers.

E) 1915-16 various handstamps
All "blank" thirteen space choices, based on various handstamps, there are a total of 32 stamps that could be put into these spaces. 24 stamps are <$1.

F) Although Haitian stamps are quite inexpensive, BB does have two Air Post Semi-postal and one regular Semi-postal spaces that are CV $20+.

Checklist

1881-86
1 or 7, 2 or 19, (3 or 9),

1887
21,22,23,24,

1890
25,

1891
26,27,28,29,

1892
31,

1893-95
32,33,34,35,36,37,

1896
38,39,40,41,42,43,
44,45,

1898
46,47,49,

1898
52,54,56,57,58,60,

Next page

1898
61,62,63,64,65,66,

1899
53,55,59,

1902
67,68,69,

1902
70,71,72,74,(73),(75),

1904 (actually 1903)
82,83,84,85,86,87,88,
89,90,91,92,93,94,95,
96,97,98,99,100,101,

Next page

1904
102,103,104,105,106,107,

1906-07
150 or 154 or 157, 155 or 158, 108 or 151 or 161, 152, 156 or 159,109 or 153 or 160,

1906-07
110,111,(117),

1906
125,126,127,
129,131,132,134,136,

1906
145,146,148,149,


1910-11
162,
165,147,

1912
166,167,168,

Next page

1914 various handstamps
(All blank space choices-see comments)
199,200,201,172,173,217,218,
213,214,215,216,187,196,

1915-16 (actually 1914- set no longer has active Scott numbers-see comments)
"219","221","223","224","226",
"227","228",("230"),"231","232",

1915-16 various handstamps
(All blank space choices-see comments)
236,237,238,
245,249,250,252,253,
254,256,257,258,259,

Next page

1920
310,311,312,313,314,

1924-29
315,317,318,321,316,319,

1928
320,

1931
322,323,

1933
325,327,329,331,332,
333,334,

1936
335,336,

1939-40
326,327 or a or b or c, 330,

1939
347,

Next page

Postage Due
1898
J1,J2,J3,J4,

Semi-postal
1939
B1

Air Post semi-postal
CB1,CB2,

Next page

Air Post

C1,C2,C3,
C4,

1933-36
C5 or C6, C9,
C7,C8,C8A,

1935
C10,

1938
C11,

Comments:
A) Most expensive stamps ($10 threshold):
Semi-postal 1939 B1 10c + 10c multi "Pierre de Coubertin" $20+
Air Post Semi-postal 1939 CB1 60c + 40c Multi $20+
Air post semi-postal 1939 CB2 1.25g + 60c multi $20+

B) (  ) around a number indicates a blank space choice. There are also whole sections where blank space choices are put in. A comment is made in the checklist.

C) Considerable discussion/comments  are available before the checklist also.

1920 Scott 313 15c violet "Allegory of Commerce"
Out of the Blue
Very interesting country with a tendency for Presidents to not last long during the classical era. I certainly felt myself becoming  immersed in the history as I reviewed the stamp issues.

Frankly, I was not aware of the considerable involvement (read occupation) of the U.S. in Haiti's affairs.

Note: Maps appear to be in the public domain.

Please leave a comment!