A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzabar


A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzibar... Now what is between? For the world wide classical era philatelist and stamp collector, a country specific philatelic survey is offered by the blog author, Jim Jackson, with two albums: Big Blue, aka Scott International Part 1 (checklists available), and Deep Blue, aka William Steiner's Stamp Album Web PDF pages. Interested? So into the Blues...

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Cameroun 1897-1917 - a closer look

1915 Scott 58 3p on 30pf  orange & black/salmon
British Occupation: Black Surcharge; "Kaiser's Yacht"
Into the Deep Blue
Cameroun (Kamerun), on the west coast of Africa, provides the classical era WW collector with stamps of the German Protectorate (1897-1918), British occupation issues (1915), French occupation issues (1915-1917), Provisional French Mandate issues (1921-1925), and French Mandate issues (1925-1940).

Cameroon
From Gerben Van Gelder's Stamp World History Site
The best classical era Cameroon map I know of comes from Gerben van Gelder's site - at the time of constructing this post not active. I saved his maps (and have had general permission from him to use them), but I really hope his great contribution goes back on-line. 

The original Cameroon blog post and BB checklist is here.

This blog post will take a look at the 1897-1917 issues, while the next post will review the 1921-1940 issues.

A closer look 1897-1917
100 Pfennig = 1 Mark
12 Pence = 1 Shilling
100 Centimes = 1 Franc
1897 Scott 1 3pf yellow brown
Stamps of Germany Overprinted in Black
The first six stamp issue under German Dominion were released in 1897, and consisted of stamps of Germany overprinted "Kamerun" in black.

The Protectorate existed between 1884-1916.

The port city of Duala initially had a post office established February 1, 1887 in the area, using a "Kamerun" post mark. Stamps of Germany were initially used.

The postmark was then changed to "Duala/Kamerun" June 1, 1901, and the post office existed until September 27, 1914. The capital remained Duala until 1910, when it was moved to Buea.

1897 Scott 1b 3pf dark brown
Stamps of Germany Overprinted in Black
Note the minor number color change (dark brown) on the 3 pfennig. CV is $30+.

1897 Scott 5 25pf orange
Stamps of Germany Overprinted in Black
In today's catalogue, "used" is valued higher (CV $4+-$30+) than "unused" (CV $3+-$20).

1900 Scott 8 5pf green, unwmkd
"Kaiser's Yacht"
In 1900, the ubiquitous (for German colonies) "Kaiser's Yacht" design stamp issue was released for Kamerun.

This 5 pfennig green has a 12/27/1906 "Kribi" postmark. The post office was in operation between 8/10/1894 - 10/13/1914.

Kribi is located on the coast 93 miles (150 km) south of Duala.

1900 Scott 11 25pf orange & black/yellow
"Kaiser's Yacht"
CV for the unwatermarked nine stamp 3pf - 80pf denominations ranges from $1+-$2+- remarkably inexpensive.

I can't make out or locate the post mark - can you?

1900 Scott 18 3m black violet
"Hohenzollern"
The engraved four stamp higher denominations have the iconic image of "Hohenzollern", the Kaiser's Yacht. CV ranges from $5 to $140.

"Hohenzollern II"
The stamp image shows the second edition of the Kaiser's yacht, in operation between 1893-1914. It was scrapped in 1923.

As far as I know, the yacht never actually visited any of the German colonies.

1914 Scott 23 20pf ultramarine, Wmk 125 "Lozenges"
"Kaiser's Yacht"
Between 1905-1918, a six stamp "Yacht" issue was produced, but this time on watermarked paper.

The 20pf stamp shown here was released in 1914, and is much less expensive unused (CV $3) compared to used (CV $125).

1919 Scott 24a 1m carmine, Wmk "Lozenges"
25 X 17 Perf holes; "Hohenzollern"
The 3pf and 1m denominations were never placed in use.

The 1m carmine exists with 26X17 perf holes or 25X17 perf holes. 

1915 Scott 55 1p on 10pf carmine, Blue Surcharge
C.E.F. = "Cameroons Expeditionary Force"
"Kaiser's Yacht"
In 1915, thirteen stamps of German Kamerun were surcharged "C.E.F." (Cameroon Expeditionary Force) in blue or black under British occupation.

This 1p on 10pf carmine stamp is postmarked "Duala" on July 7, 1915.

Kamerun 1914
Duala, the largest town, was surrendered to the allied forces on September 27, 1914.

1915 Scott 60 6p on 60pf purple & black/salmon
Black Surcharge; "Kaiser's Yacht"
CV ranges from $1 to $10+ for nine stamps. Unused is CV less than used. There are many overprint varieties.

1916 Scott 134 10c carmine & blue "Leopard"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
In 1915, under French occupation, sixteen Gabon stamps were overprinted "Corps Expeditionnaire/ Franco-Anglais/Cameroun".  (Not shown.)

In addition, the French allied forces released a fourteen stamp overprinted issue in 1916 on 1907 issue stamps of the Middle Congo and 1900 issue stamps of the French Congo. The overprint read "Occupation Francaise du Cameroun". (Not shown.)

These two issues  are very CV expensive (generally $hundreds), and I don't have any.

But, between 1916-17, a seventeen stamp overprinted "Cameroon Occupation Francaise" issue was released under French occupation, using the 1907 issue of the Middle Congo. (Shown.)

1916 Scott 142 50c blue green & red "Bakalois Woman"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
CV for the seventeen stamps range from <$1 to $10+ - quite inexpensive.

1916 Scott 143 75c brown & blue "Bakalois Woman"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
For those that like to flyspeck overprints, there are nine stamps that can be found with no period after "Francaise", and ten stamps that can be found with the letter "s" of "Francaise" inverted. CV is usually $6-$8. Take a look at your collection.

1916 Scott 145 2fr violet & gray green "Coconut Grove"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
The overprinted stamps show the three designs of the 1907 Middle Congo stamps.

Lovely.
1916 Scott 146 5fr blue & rose "Coconut Grove"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
Of interest, the 1916-17 overprinted stamps are CV less than the original 1907 Middle Congo stamps. The overprinted 5fr blue & rose shown here is CV $10+, while the original non overprinted 1907 5fr is CV $40+.

Deep Blue
1900 "Kaiser's Yacht" Issue in Deep Blue
Deep Blue (Steiner) has three pages for the 1897-1918 German Kamerun stamps, one page for the 1915 British occupation surcharged German stamps, and three pages for the French occupation stamps. All major numbers have a space.

1917 Scott 135 15c brown violet & rose "Leopard"
Stamps of the Middle Congo of 1907, Overprinted
"Cameroun  Occupation Francaise"
Out of the Blue
Cameroon stamps follow the changing WWI fortunes of the Germans, the British, and the French. Most are inexpensive, but the earlier French occupation issues are CV pricey indeed.

We will continue with the Cameroun story in the next installment.

Note: 1914 map and "Hohenzollern II" pics appear to be in the public domain.

Links

Comments appreciated!

Monday, March 11, 2019

Hungary - Bud's Big Blue

Hungary Cover - a censor-inspected Debreczin
Bud's Big Blue
Bud's Observations
For a small country, Hungary issued mountains of stamps: 38 scans follow, more than for any other country in Bud’s BB. All of BB’s 619 Hungary spaces are filled and, on supplement pages, follows an even larger assortment of those omitted by BB’s editors -- souvenir sheets, local issues, and the ten series of occupation stamps. It’s a start on a specialization, but to collect classic Hungary properly I’d need to acquire covers like one shown above -- a censor-inspected Debreczin. And, I’d need to sort out the fakes.

Stamp output peaked in 1919 -- overprints, occupation issues, local stamps, as well as the regular issues. Ugly, many of them are. But they’re not wallpaper or propaganda stamps meant to bilk collectors, although they may seem so. Instead, they are blood-stained, turmoil-infected cankers of World War I and its aftermath. In their wretchedness lies their grandeur. Anyone who investigates these stamps gains not only historical insights but also solid wisdom about the human condition -- a miserable catastrophe, often, punctuated by moments of elation. Much of what happened in world-wide philately during and after WWI is best understood in light of events in Hungary.

The 1919 occupation overprints are infected with fakery, some of them showing fake experts’ initials stamped on the back (famously, PAPE). Because of this, I’ve included some cancelled examples, although they might be fakes, too. Overprints woo forgers, especially in times of political upheaval.

Here’s a simple exercise to uncover some of the richness of Hungarian stamps:  spend an evening googling how and why the country name inscriptions changed so often during the classical era: 

·         Magyar Kir. Posta (Kingdom of Hungary Post, with a real King).
·         Magyar Posta
·         Koztarsasag (Republic)
·         Magyar Tanacskoztarsasag (Hungarian Soviet Republic)
·         Back to Magyar Kir. Posta (no king this time)
·         Magyarország

Or for lighter fare, google the two national symbols – the crown of St. Stephen and the mythical Turul bird.

Census: 619 in BB spaces, 29 tip-ins, 644+ on supplement pages, trending upward.

Jim's Observations
Note: Because of the large number of pages for Hungary in BB, this post will be featured for a longer period of time.

The 1871-1916 era...
The Scott Classic Specialized catalogue has, from 1871-1916, 103 major numbers for regular issues. There are, however, 135 minor numbers, mostly different perforations, although differences in watermark are also found. These minor numbers are fully as important for Hungarian philately as the major numbers, and should be treated as such. In fact, the Deep Blue (Steiner) album provides spaces for most of these "minor" numbers. In addition, there are 52 semi-postals during this era that will also be included in the survey.

Altogether, from 1871-1916, there are 290 catalogue number possibilities. Of those, 173 (60%) are CV <$1-$1+. Hungarian stamps, especially after 1881, are modestly priced for the WW classical collector.

The 1916-1940 era...
The Scott Classic catalogue has, from 1916-1940, 338 regular and 70 semi-postal stamps. Of those, 313 (93%) of the regular, and 45 (64%) of the semi-postal stamps are CV <$1-$1+. Clearly, Hungary is inexpensive for the WW classical collector for this time era.

Despite being inexpensive, Hungary's stamp designs are very striking indeed.

Be aware that the "Harvesting Wheat" and "Parliament Building in Budapest" designed stamps, with their many iterations, are a bit of a challenge.

The BOB, Occupations categories...
•  Hungary issued some 139 Scott recognized major number Postage Due stamps,a large number. Along with their neighbor, Austria, they took collecting the proper postage quite seriously.

• Newspaper stamps were likewise issued, much like their neighbor Austria. These were special rates for newspaper periodicals in the mail. It is generally a reflection of a literate, educated, and intellectually curious population when one finds Newspaper stamps as part of the stamp production.

• Most astounding are the large number of Occupation stamps overprinted on Hungarian stamps by the occupying forces in Hungary after WWI. This is a reflection of the dismemberment of Hungary and it's lands, that occurred following the Great War.

Blog Posts and BB Checklists
Hungary 1871- 1916
Hungary 1916-1940
Hungary BOB, Occupation

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Comments appreciated!