A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzabar


A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzibar... Now what is between? For the world wide classical era philatelist and stamp collector, a country specific philatelic survey is offered with two albums: Big Blue, aka Scott International Part 1 (checklists available), and Deep Blue, aka William Steiner's Stamp Album Web PDF pages. Interested? So into the Blues...

Friday, February 3, 2012

French India

1916 semi-postal 10c + 5c rose & black "Brahma"
Quick History
French India refers to the French possessions in India. They include Pondichéry ( Puducherry), Karikal and Yanaon (Yanam) on the Coromandel Coast, Mahé on the Malar Coast, and Chandernagor in Bengal.

Largest extent of French influence 1741-54
The French had much greater influence in the mid-eighteen century, but after losing conflicts first with the Dutch, then with the British, their influence shrank by the twentieth century to just the settlements listed. By 1941, the area for French India was 196 square miles, the population was 320,000, and the administrative Capital was Pondichéry. By 1954, all of the French holdings were de facto part of the Indian Union. But the French influence (language, architecture, churches, culture) today remains strong in Pondicherry and Yanam.

1909 map outlining British India holdings
A careful look will reveal Pondichéry labeled as French
Into the Deep Blue
The 2011 Scott Classic Specialized catalogue, beginning in 1892, has 141 descriptions for regular, semi-postal and postage due categories. 74 are valued at <$1-$1+.

A closer look at the stamps and issues

1892-1907 French India 2c brown/buff "Navigation and Commerce"
French India issues begin with the 19 stamp "Navigation and Commerce" colony design generic to many French colonies. "ÉTABLISSEMENTS" means settlements. Catalogue value ranges from $1-$45+.

1914-22 10c deep rose & black "Brahma"
The first design intended specifically for French India features Brahma, the Hindu God (Deva) of creation. This design and series, from 1914-22, was found on 15 stamps, with another 10 stamps illustrating the "Kali Temple near Pondichéry". This issue is inexpensive, with 18 stamps <$1+.

1923-28 4ca on 4c orange & black "Brahma"
In 1923, there was a change in currency. The 100 Centimes = 1 Franc equation was changed to 24 Caches = 1 Fanon; 8 Fanons = 1 Rupie. This necessitated surcharging/overprinting the previous issue as shown. 

1923-28 6ca on 45c blue green & black with red surcharge
"Kali Temple near Pondichéry"
The 1923-38 surcharged issue ( with two designs) had 26 stamps. Twenty stamps are <$2.

1929 20ca dark blue & green /bluish "Brahma"
A non surcharged series with the new monetary denominations was issued in 1929 with the same design themes as the previous issues.

1929 1fa6ca red orange & black "Kali Temple near Pondichéry"
The 1929 two design issue had 20 stamps, ranging in value from <$1-$2+.

Deep Blue
Deep Blue has 11 pages for French India, all laid out in logical Scott number format.

Deep Blue page for the 1914-22 "Brahma" design 
Deep Blue has two pages for the the 1914-22 issue; note all the color combinations used by the French on these stamps.

1929 Brahma, Kali Temple issue
Clearly an advantage of a long stamp issue is an aesthetic presentation in an album. Here Deep Blue presents the 1929 issue very nice indeed.
1922 5c on 15c violet & black with red surcharge
Big Blue
Big Blue,'69, on three pages, has 84 spaces. Coverage is 60%. It appears BB provides for a representative collection; perhaps only faulted for not providing quite enough spaces for these mostly inexpensive issues.


Simple Checklist

1892-1900
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,

1914
25,26,28,29,30,32,34,
40,41,42,(43),

1922
27,31,33,37,(39)
50,51,53,

1923
54,55,56,57,

Next Page

1923
58,61,59,62,64,
67,68,

1928
65,71,63,60,66,73,

1929
80,81,82,83,84,85,87,
88,86,90,91,89,

Next Page

1931
100,101,102,103,

1937
105,106,108,109,
104,107,

1939
111,112,

Semi-postal
1915-16
B1,B3,B4,B5,

1938
B6,

Postage due
1923
J1,J2,J3,J4,

1928
J8,J9,

1929
J12,J13,J14,J15,J16,(J17),

Comments
A) ( ) around a number indicates a suggested blank space choice.
B) Expensive stamps ($10 threshold):
None

1929 postage due 1fa brown
Out of the Blue
If it wasn't for these postage issues, one wonders how many people would even be aware there was a French presence in India?

Maps appear to be in the public domain.

Comments appreciated!

4 comments:

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  3. Jim,
    Rolling along! It's great to have you back in checklist world; it really does help. Happy anniversary, too! No need to post, but French India has 84 spaces in Big Blue.
    I'm up to New Zealand in the collating world, and I'm holding steady at 24% of spaces filled.
    Keep it up!
    Joe

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks Joe

    It's good that you are checking the math!

    ReplyDelete