A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzabar


A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzibar... Now what is between? For the world wide classical era philatelist and stamp collector, a country specific philatelic survey is offered by the blog author, Jim Jackson, with two albums: Big Blue, aka Scott International Part 1 (checklists available), and Deep Blue, aka William Steiner's Stamp Album Web PDF pages. Interested? So into the Blues...

Thursday, May 3, 2012

Gibraltar

1898 Scott 9 1/2p gray green "Victoria"
 First dedicated issue for Gibraltar
Quick History
The British have claimed the Rock of Gibraltar (1,400 feet) on the southern coast of Spain, about 2 square miles in area, since 1713. The promontory juts out at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. A very strategic location, this has been a key location for the British Royal Navy for many years. The capital is Gibraltar, and the population was about 20,000 in 1940.

1733 Gibraltar Map

In the 1950's, Franco and Spain renewed their claim on Gibraltar, but Gibraltarians voted to reject Spanish governance.  In 1981, residents of Gibraltar were granted full U.K. citizenship, and today Gibraltar remains a British overseas territory.

Satellite Map of Gibraltar
There have been stamps of Great Britain used in Gibraltar since 1857. Some 75 stamps are recognized in the Scott catalogue ( a barred "G" or oval "A26" postmark), and they are valued for the specialist from $20-many hundreds. They are outside the realm of the general WW classic era collector, so I will say no more about them here.

The first issue (seven stamps) was produced in 1896, and actually were Bermuda stamps that were overprinted "Gibraltar". Three of them are valued @ <$10. 
Since I don't have any, no more will be said. ;-)

1904-12 Scott 50 1p violet/red "Edward VII"
There are 33 stamps of the "Baldies" for Gibraltar
Into the Deep Blue
The 2011 Scott Classic Specialized catalogue has 135 major stamp descriptions for Gibraltar. ( I didn't include the 35 Great Britain stamps prior to 1886.) There are 15 stamps <$10 prior to 1900, and 52 stamps <$5 from 1900-1950. "Affordability" index is 54%.

Highlights of Gibraltar's stamps include a "Centimos/Peseta" denomination series from 1889-95, 33 "Baldies" with two watermarked issues from 1903-1912, A nice 4 stamp "Rock of Gibraltar" issue from 1931-34, and  a George VI fourteen stamp Pictorial series from 1938-49.

A closer look at the stamps and issues


1898 Scott 11 1p carmine rose "Victoria"
1898 Scott 14 2 1/2p bright ultramarine "Victoria"
Part of first dedicated issues of Gibraltar
The first issue intended for Gibraltar was a thirteen stamps series with the classic "Victoria" design. Six stamps can be found for <$1-$7+.  Illustrated above are two of the different frame designs, with a third heading this blog. Nice.

1889-95 Scott 32  25c ultramarine "Victoria"
A change in denomination to Centimos and Pesetas
In 1889, a change in denomination was introduced- influenced by Spain?- to Centimos and Pesetas. I was unable, in the short time I spent on research, to find why this occurred. Perhaps a reader knows? At any rate, it was short lived, as the next series (1903) was again in Pence/Shilling. 

The twelve stamps in the issue have six stamps with a CV ranging from <$1-$6. It has the same design as the preceding issue.

All of the Queen Victoria's for Gibraltar have wmk 2- the Crown and CA, No need to worry about different watermarks.

That certainly is not true for the forthcoming issues, however, so it might be good to "refresh" the memory on the colonial watermarks.

Wmk 2-Crown and C A 1886-1912
Wmk 3 Multiple Crown and C A 1922-1921
Wmk 4 Multiple Crown and Script C A 1921-1950
The three watermarks we will encounter are illustrated above. If one is mounting a stamp with several possible watermarks, turn it over to view the watermark. If it is not clearly identifiable, then use a watermarking tray and fluid. Values can vary widely depending on the watermark! Although Big Blue does not usually "require" checking for watermarks, one should get in the habit. ;-)

Two examples, with different shades, of 1889-95 Scott 30 10c "Victoria"
The "A26" cancellation was for Gibraltar
I never quite know what to do with "shades". Sometimes the catalogue, either Scott or Stanley Gibbons, will have a matching shade description. Then I will happily assign the minor number to the shade, and try to add it to the page with the same major number if possible. But more often, I am left in limbo. Is it a changeling, or a "real" shade? I hate becoming a "hoarder", keeping every very minor variation. So I try to resist the urge. What do you do with your minor variations?

1903 Scott 42 2 1/2p violet & black/blue "Edward VII"
 The wmk 2 issue of 1903
The "Baldies" were introduced in 1903 with a ten stamp issue-wmk 2. Two are <$1, but the rest are at least $10+, with the £1 @ $600 CV. Perhaps because the next issue was introduced in 1904? Nevertheless, they are quite handsome stamps.

1904-12 Scott 49A 1/2p dull green & bright green "Edward VII"
1907 Scott 55 2 1/2p ultramarine -wmk 3
The seventeen stamp 1904-12 series -wmk 3 - was also issued as "chalky paper" varieties with their own (bolded) Scott numbers. (So look for the "chalky" to add a shiny pate to the head of the "Baldy". ;-) ) This adds six more stamp catalogue numbers. Altogether 23 stamp types- so it is a little complcated. And, one needs to differentiate this present series (wmk 3) from the preceding 1903 wmk 2 issues. The denomination varieties where the stamp exists in both ordinary and chalky paper are:
1/2p dull green & bright green
1p violet/red
2p green & carmine rose
6p violet & purple
1sh black & carmine rose
2sh green & ultramarine

As said, a bit complicated.

Nine varieties ( 2 of them chalky paper duplicates) are <$1-$8.

1912 Sott 69 2 1/2p ultramarine "George V"
Part of a 10 stamps series: wmk 3
Notice the frame is the same as the preceding "Baldies" issues?
King George V was introduced on Gibraltar stamps in 1912 with a ten stamp series. To give the impression to their British subjects that Monarchs may change, but everything else is the same, the stamp frame is identical in design to the "Baldies". (In fact, the next issue will push the sameness to 1932.)

Nevertheless nice classic design stamps.

Five of the issue ranges in CV from <$1-$4+. There are chalky stamps ( 6p and higher denominations), but no duplication's with the ordinary paper variety.

This issue is wmk 3, and the next issue is wmk 4.

1922 Scott 78 1 1/2p red brown & 1921-32 Scott 81 3p ultra "George V"
Second issue with wmk 4
The second issue -wmk 4-, was produced from 1921-32, and had 18 stamps- and included  some high value denominations.  Although six stamps have CV <$1-$4+, the high end yields three stamps between CV $170+-$1,700+.  The £5 dull violet & black denomination: was it really needed, or was it intended to extract some cash from the stamp collector? ;-)

1932 Scott 98 2p gray "Rock of Gibraltar"
 Four stamp set
Breaking out of the Monarch stamp mold, the 1931-33 set was a pictorial with the above illustration. I especially like the ships in front of the Rock. The CV ranges from $2-$4.

1938-49 George VI  2p carmine rose "The Rock North Side"
3p blue "Europa Point": part of a 14 stamp series
The 1938-49 George VI series continues the pictorials with seven scenes in a fourteen stamp production. Ten of the stamps range from <$1-$4.

1938-49 Scott 113 6p dull violet & carmine rose "Moorish Castle"
This issue brings up two observations.

Most of this series stamps were produced after 1940 (Nine of them), so clearly the "1940" usual cutoff for Big Blue would not work well here. Of interest, BB  does include 5 stamps issued after 1940 as choices!  Deep Blue classic pages, of course, goes to 1952 for the British Commonwealth.

I also reviewed the SG 1840-1970 catalogue for Gibraltar, and this issue had a number of reported flaws. What is amusing, though, is how SG reports the flaw. There is an "Ape on Rock" or "Bird on Memorial", rather than "smudge" or "fly-speck".  I give credit to SG for imagination!

1918 Scott MR1 "George V"
War Tax stamp
Finally, we end the Gibraltar close-up with the war tax stamp. Many of the British Colonies, in order to raise funds for WWI, had a war tax stamp which needed to be added to a letter along with the regular postage.

By the way, the United States had a war tax also, it was just "hidden". The first class letter rate was raised from 2c to 3c to pay the tax.

Deep Blue
Deep Blue (Steiner) has eleven pages with stamp entries from 1866-1950, and I have stamps on nine of the pages.. Naturally, Deep Blue has a space for the different watermark stamps of the Edward VII and George V era. And, thankfully, Deep Blue has all the spaces for the George VI 1938-49 pictorials.

Interestingly, it also has a space for the 1931-33 "Rock of Gibraltar" series with the minor number perforation (13 1/2 X 14) variation (Scott 96a-99a). The major number is for the perforation 14 stamp. Even SG only has a minor number for these perforation variations.

I noticed the descriptions for Gibraltar in Deep Blue follow the Scott catalogue. However, other colonies (such as Dominica) use the SG descriptive vocabulary.

What Deep Blue doesn't provide spaces for are the duplicate "chalky paper" varieties of the Edward VII 1904-12 set (six stamps). Scott gives these bolded minor numbers, and they are listed along with the major numbers, and given the same prominence and space.

I was ready to give Deep Blue a "tongue-lashing" about this, but noticed that SG only gives these variations minor numbers. So actually Scott might be a little too generous with the bolded numbers; perhaps they only deserve italic minor numbers.

1931-33 Scott 96 1p red "Rock of Gibraltar"
Socked-on-the-Nose
Big Blue
Big Blue '69, on two pages, has 40 stamp spaces from 1886-1938. Coverage is 30%.

Naturally, not very generous coverage, but BB is true to it's philosophy by not offering spaces for different watermarks, which is characteristic of the "Baldy" and "George V" issues.

Some comments...
A) BB, for the 1886-98 "Pence" Victorias, only offers one space for the 1/2p and 1p denominations, although there are two different color choices for these spaces, and the most expensive is $5. Also no room is offered for the Scott 13 2p ($2).

B) For the 1889-95 "Centimos" Victorias, no room is offered for the Scott 34 50c ($2+).

C) Naturally all the 1903-11 "Baldies" issues are only given one space for the two watermarks.
But the 1/2p comes in three major numbers, one bolded minor number,and three colors, and is given just one space. The CV range from $2-$11.

D) For the 1912-30 "George V" issues, Scott 67a 1p scarlet is requested, but is now a minor number. Therefore I have included the Scott 67 carmine as a choice. The Scott 77 1p rose red ($1+) is excluded because of color specifications. No room is offered for the 1sh 71 ($4+) or the 2sh 72 ($4).

E) The "1938" George VI pictorials, interestingly enough, do offer choices into the 1940's. But among the missing is the 1 1/2p gray violet (<$1), the 5p($1), and the 2sh($4).

Simple Checklist

1886-98
8 or 9, 10 or 11, 14

1889-95
29,30,31,32,33,

1903-11
39 or 49A or 49 or 49Ab, 40 or 50 or 50b, 51,41 or 52 or 52a,53, 42 or 54,55,

1912-30
66 or 76, 67a* or 67, 78,68 or 79, 69 or 80, 81,70 or 82,

1931-33
96,97,98,99,

1935
100,101,102,103,

1937
104,105,106,

Next Page

1938
107,
108,109,
110 or 110B, 111,113,
114,

Comments
A) Expensive stamps ($10 threshold): none
B) *67a 1p scarlet "George V" is now a minor number, so 67 carmine is now included. The 77 1p rose red is excluded (color).
C) Most of the discussion about the BB included stamps is elsewhere in this blog.

1943 Scott 109A 1 1/2p gray violet "Rock of Gibraltar"
Out of the Blue
After all the French and German colonies, and the German area proper blogs, it is nice to get back to a British colony. One knows what to expect, but there are surprises too. Here the Pence/Centimos Victorias and the long run of "Baldies" adds spice to the Gibraltar holdings for the classical era collector. 

Note: Maps appear to be in the public domain.

Comments appreciated!

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