A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzabar

A is for Aden and Z is for Zanzibar... Now what is between? For the world wide classical era philatelist and stamp collector, a country specific philatelic survey is offered by the blog author, Jim Jackson, with two albums: Big Blue, aka Scott International Part 1 (checklists available), and Deep Blue, aka William Steiner's Stamp Album Web PDF pages. In addition, "Bud" offers commentary and a look at his completely filled Big Blue. Interested? So into the Blues...

Thursday, April 17, 2014

New Brunswick

1860 Scott 10 12 1/2c blue "Steam and Sailing Ship"
Quick History
New Brunswick, named for the ancestral home (Braunschweig) of Hanoverian King George III, was given a large population boost by the influx of 14,000 loyalists in 1783, who no longer felt welcome in the newly created United States. Some of my relatives, I believe, were among the group. ;-)  New Brunswick was then partitioned from Nova Scotia in 1784 to form a "Loyalist colony". They were joined by immigrants from Scotland in the early 19th century, and many settlers from Ireland during the 1845 Potato Famine. There were also remaining Acadians from the French Colonial days- the French explorer Jacques Cartier had originally "discovered" the lands in 1534-, but the territory became a British possession after the 1754-63 French and Indian War.

The Maritime Provinces and Newfoundland
New Brunswick is considered part of the Maritime provinces, along with Prince Edward  Island and Nova Scotia. It is bounded on the western edge by Maine, and on the south side by the Bay of Fundy coast, with its 50 foot tides. Saint John on the Bay of Fundy was and is the most important port city, but the Capital is Fredericton, 100 miles up the Saint John River, located there originally to forestall an American attack.

The population was 252,000 in 1861.

Stamps were introduced in 1851 with the very loyal "Crown of Great Britain and Heraldic Flowers of the United Kingdom" design. The New Brunswick issues were short lived, however, with only eleven stamps produced through 1863. Why? New Brunswick was one of the four provinces (others being Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia) to enter the Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.

New Brunswick
Into the Deep Blue
The 2011 Scott Classic Specialized catalogue has, for New Brunswick 1851-1863, eleven major stamp descriptions. Of those, only the six stamp 1860-63 issue is realistically within reach of the WW classical collector, as the first five stamps are CV $500+-$10,000+. ! The 1860-63 issue has a CV range of $10+-$70+.

By the way, the new 2014 Scott Classic specialized catalogue has moved all the former stamp issuing provinces of Canada to "Canadian Provinces", rather than scattered alphabetically, as it is, in the 2011 Scott Classic catalogue.

A closer look at the stamps
12 Pence = 1 Shilling
100 Cents = 1 Dollar (1860)

The first 1851 issues, the four "Crown and Heraldic Flowers" design stamps, is similar to the 1857 Newfoundland issue stamp- which I have, and will show for the Newfoundland post. But I don't have any of the New Brunswick to illustrate, as the CV is $500+-$7000+.  !

The next stamp's back story is amusing indeed. Charles Connell was the Postmaster General, and he decided to put his own portrait on a stamp rather than Queen Victoria. The 1860 Scott 5 5c brown was prepared, but never issued, as the governor put a stop to it, and most of the stamps were burned. And he had to resign as postmaster.
1860 Scott 5 5c brown "Charles Connell"
(Stamp image from Internet)
One will note the stamp is in "cents' rather than "pence". The few remaining stamps (~50?) that escaped destruction are now catalogued @ $11,000. !

For more information about the "Charles Connell Stamp Scandal" see...

But is there a bit of hypocrisy on Scott's part here? The "Charles Connell" stamp was never put into postal use, but has full catalogue status. Readers, what do you think?

1860 Scott 1 1c red lilac "Locomotive"
The very first portrait of a locomotive on a stamp is this one issued in 1860- the famous U.S. 3c ultramarine came out in 1869. This stamp was the lowest denomination in a six stamp issue produced by the American Bank Note Company.

1860 Scott 9 10c vermilion "Victoria"
Perhaps to make up for the "Charles Connell" debacle, three stamps of the six stamp issue feature the Queen. All show the young queen with the same general portrait: but, to me, each portrait looks slightly different also. Since all three stamps are illustrated on this blog post, one can judge for oneself.

1860 Scott 10 12 1/2c blue
"Steam and Sailing Ship"
What a lovely stamp! And, this is supposed to be also the first portrait on a stamp of a steam ship. Classic...classic....classic. !!!!  

1860 Scott 11 17c black
"Edward VII as Prince of Wales"
The young Edward VII as Prince of Wales is also portrayed. It is certainly a different look than the "Baldies" issued circa 1902.  ;-) The 17 cent denomination was the rate between New Brunswick and England.

Deep Blue
The Deep Blue (Steiner) has one page for the New Brunswick issues, and no minor number color stamps are given a space. But all the major numbers indeed have a space.

1863 Scott 7 2c orange "Victoria"
Big Blue
Big Blue '69, has New Brunswick on the same page as Nevis, and is placed after Nauru, and before Nepal.

The entire six stamp 1860-63 issue is given a space- the good news for this gorgeous issue.

The bad news, for the price aware collector, is the entire selection crosses the threshold for "expensive" stamps. And four stamps meet the $35 criteria for "Most Expensive" stamps, with a CV ranging from $37+-$77+. !

But, since I have a particular like for these stamps, I, for one, am pleased. ;-)



A) Expensive stamps ($10 threshold):
1860 Scott 6 1c red liac ($37+)
1863 Scott 7 2c orange ($10+)
1860 Scott 8 5c yellow green ($20+)
1860 Scott 9 10c vermilion ($47+)
1860 Scott 10 12 1/2c blue ($77+)
1860 Scott 11 17c black ($47+)
1860 Scott 8 5c yellow green "Victoria"
Out of the Blue
Classic issues from early New Brunswick- and a scandal- what's not to like?  ;-)

Note: Maps and "Charles Connell" stamp image appear to be in the public domain.

Note: Astute readers may have noticed that I seemed to have skipped over "New Britain" in the catalogue.  "New Britain" was part of former German New Guinea, and captured by Australian troops during WW I. The Scott has some 50 major descriptions between the years 1914-1915. The stamps consist of a "G.R.I." overprint and surcharge on the stamps of German New Guinea and the Marshall islands (whose stamps were used in this territory).

This was done deliberately for several reasons....
• Big Blue, the Scott Part I International album, has never provided spaces for this entity.
• The CV for these stamps is high and very high. And one has to worry about overprint forgeries. This is specialist territory.
• I was unable to obtain any examples, although, admittedly, I did not try very hard, ;-)



  1. Jim
    Very nice stamps. Although the catalogue for the stamps listed in Big Blue are up there, they are pretty easy to find at quite a bit below cat. My understanding is that like the Nova Scotia stamps, there were a large number of remainders left over when New Brunswick joined Canada.
    Always Informative

  2. Thanks Michael

    I agree that there does seem to be no shortage of unused stamps available for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Your tidbit about remainders makes sense.

  3. There was a fire where those remainders were stored. As a result, you find a hundred mint w/o gum as those with

  4. 1860 Scott 10 is often mentioned as the first image of a steamship. This is probably as a result of being well documented. The original candidate is more likely Gauthier Freres et Cie. from 1856. The stamps and covers are VERY rare so they are easily overlooked. They also were forged more than the N.B. stamp.

  5. As for the first train - that would depend on whether only government issues count. The 1849-1851 Broadway Post Office local in New York, NY (Scott # 26L1) is a consideration